Essential information for end of life vehicle dismantling, depollution and recycling


Taking circular economy seriously at Jaguar Land Rover

Jaguar Land Rover provides ATF Professional’s readers with an understanding of its business model when it comes to the value in recyclability of its vehicles.


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Figure 1: Aluminium Ingots produced from end-of-life vehicle scrap as part of Jaguar Land Rover’s REALITY project

At Jaguar Land Rover, we are driven by our vision to create the world’s most desirable luxury vehicles, whilst placing sustainability at the centre of everything we do – from design to engineering, from supply chain to manufacturing processes. 

Embracing the circular economy, through efficient resource consumption and reusing and recycling wherever possible, is a core component of this. 

We are increasingly aware of the value and impact of our vehicles beyond our customers. As an industry, we have a legal obligation through End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV) legislation to ensure our vehicles are designed to be at least 85% recyclable and 95% recoverable by mass. We publish vehicle data into the International Dismantling Information System (IDIS) to ensure ATFs have the required information to depollute our vehicles. However, we have a desire to go further than this, and push the boundaries of end-of-life recovery to make products more circular, as part of our Reimagine strategy which aims to achieve net zero carbon status by 2039 across our products, operations, and supply chain. 

All materials have value, and by making them easier to recover, that value is maintained, enabling recyclers to achieve a purer stream of material. By enabling improvement through design and engineering, vehicle manufacturers can utilise that value and reduce dependency on virgin raw materials – a crucial element on our path towards a more sustainable product. This has never been more essential as our vehicles become more complex and we move towards even greater levels of electrification. 

At Jaguar Land Rover, we’ve embedded processes into our design phase to look at how hazardous materials, such as fluids and batteries, can be easily and safely removed at end-of-life. We’ve also collaborated with depollution tool manufacturers to bring this assessment into the virtual world before a vehicle has even rolled off the production line. This helps to identify best practice at an early stage and avoid engineering vehicles that add increased complexity and cost to end-of-life recovery. 

While virtual assessments have many advantages, we also conduct physical assessments at ATFs, or locally within Jaguar Land Rover’s workshops, once prototype vehicles are available, ensuring that the real and virtual world are not too far apart. 

By assessing the entire value chain, the automotive industry can also increase end-of-life value through collaborative projects. Jaguar Land Rover has collaborated with academia, raw material suppliers and end-of-life operators on a range of sustainability projects; for example, REALITY, which looked at how we can upcycle scrap aluminium from post-consumer sources, such as end-of-life vehicles, to feed back into the supply chain. This research has been used to develop new grades of high-quality material that can be used in the next generation of Jaguar Land Rover vehicles, with the potential to reduce alloy production CO2 emissions by up to 26 per cent compared to the current automotive grade. By committing to targeted projects such as REALITY, which aims to truly close the loop on a premium high-quality material stream, we can create added value, avoid downcycling, and further aid Jaguar Land Rover’s sustainable goals.

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Figure 2: REALITY project high level process overview

The avoidance of waste stream contamination and improved material separation technologies are key challenges to the industry to ensure these projects industrialise. 

By learning from end-of-life operators and utilising new science and technology, we can begin to rise to these challenges through design. Balancing these with a vehicle that is designed to last for as long as possible is not an easy task. However, Jaguar Land Rover will actively engage with ATFs to continue to learn from the industry and work together towards a more circular economy.

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Owain Griffiths

Owain Griffiths

Head of Circular Economy at Volvo Cars

Owain joined Volvo Cars in June 2021 to lead Circular Economy in the Global Sustainability Team. The company has committed to being a circular business by 2040 and has financial, recycled content and CO2 based targets for 2025, all of which Owain is working across the company to make happen. Owain previously worked for circular economy consultancy Oakdene Hollins where he advised businesses on evidence led circular economy implementation. 

Turning into a circular business and the importance of vehicle reuse and recycling.

The presentation will cover the work Volvo Cars is doing to achieve 2025 but mainly focus on the transformational work towards 2040 and the business and value chain changes being considered. Attention will be paid to the way vehicles are being dealt with at the end of life and the complexities of closing material and component loops. Opportunities and challenges which Volvo Cars is facing will be presented including engagement with 3rd parties and increasing pressure from stakeholders.

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e2e Total Loss Vehicle Management [e2e] is the UK’s only salvage and automotive recycling network with nationwide, environmentally compliant sites delivering performance resilience and service reliability to the insurance and fleet markets.  The network’s online salvage auction drives strong salvage resale values and faster sales.  e2e’s salvage clients have access to the network’s stocks of over 5 million quality graded, warranty assured reclaimed parts. 

The power of the network model means e2e has the ability to influence industry standards and is committed to continually raising the bar whilst redefining the role and perceived value of the salvage operator.  Network members adhere to robust service level agreements, against which they are audited, in order to ensure performance consistency and a market leading customer experience.  

The salvage and recycling operating environment is evolving rapidly, and e2e is anticipating, listening and responding to changing market needs.  Regulatory compliance, ESG, reclaimed parts, customer experience, EVs, new vehicle technologies, data and reputation risk are just some of many considerations linked to the procurement of salvage services.  e2e will drive further added value to clients and members through the adoption and application of emerging technologies, continuing to differentiate its proposition and position salvage services as a professional partnership. 

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